Dead Socialist Watch, #276

Edward Carpenter, English socialist and champion of gay sex. A clerical fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, Carpenter resigned his holy orders and left for the North, teaching astronomy at Leeds and living from 1880 near Sheffield with his lover, Albert Fearnehough. He published Toward Democracy anonymously in 1883; from 1882 he was a market gardener and helped to popularise sandal-making as a suitable activity for socialists. He wrote a programme for the Sheffield Socialist Society in 1886, as well as “England Arise: a Socialist Marching Song”, and his 1889 Fabian Lecture was published as Civilization: Its Cause and Cure. He began his major works on sex in the 1890s, with Homogenic Love, and its Place in a Free Society later republished as Love’s Coming of Age. His most widely-read work was The Intermediate Sex, published in 1908. A pacifist, he opposed both the Boer War and the First World War. Born in Brighton, 29 August 1844, died in Guildford, 28 June 1929. His grave is here.

0 thoughts on “Dead Socialist Watch, #276”

  1. OK, here are the words to England Arise! — does anyone know the tune?

    England, arise! The long, long night is over,
    Faint in the East behold the dawn appear,
    Out of your evil dream of toil and sorrow –
    Arise, O England, for the day is here!
    From your fields and hills,
    Hark! The answer swells –
    Arise, O England, for the day is here!

    People of England! All your valleys call you,
    High in the rising sun the lark sings clear,
    Will you dream on, let shameful slumber thrall you?
    Will you disown your native land so dear?
    Shall it die unheard –
    That sweet pleading word?
    Arise, O England, for the day is here!

    Over your face a web of lies is woven,
    Laws that are falsehoods pin you to the ground,
    Labor is mocked, its just reward is stolen,
    On its bent back sits Idleness encrowned.
    How long, while you sleep,
    Your harvest shall it reap?
    Arise, O England, for the day is here!

    Forth, then, ye heroes, patriots and lovers!
    Comrades of danger, poverty and scorn!
    Mighty in faith of Freedom, thy great Mother!
    Giants refreshed in Joy’s new rising morn!
    Come and swell the song,
    Silent now so long;
    England is risen, and the day is here!

  2. A snatch of ‘England Arise’ is sung in one of Wesker’s plays, I think it’s in ‘Chicken Soup with Barley’. Maybe the tune is there too.

  3. Tilford, near Farnham, accommodated a few of the wider circle,e..g. Harold Cox

    see
    http://www.utopia-britannica.org.uk/pages/SURREY.htm

    Craig Farm C1880s
    FOUNDER/LEADER: Harold Cox
    Co-operative farm set up by Harold Cox, a disciple of Edward Carpenter to whom he sent his first pair of hand made sandles from Kashmir. Bernard Shaw reported that the only succesful crop grown was radishes which were made into jam! The farm appears as ‘Crankie Farm’ in the book by Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson.
    GRID REF: SU874430 Tilford
    REF: Heavens Below / The Simple Life.

  4. AJP Taylor also closes his ‘English History 1914-45’ with a reference to it.

    Of course if John Gray is right this song contains within it the seeds of an apocalypse.

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