Archive for the 'france' Category

Podcasts, vel sim.

August 4th, 2014
Since I seem to have fallen back into a habit--goodness knows how long it will last--of posting here in a low-key way, here are three links to pages through which you can get to the audio files of talks I've given over the last few months and years that have found their way on-line, in case anyone is interested. 17 February 2011: 'Why secular liberals need Roman Catholics (and Marxists)', a talk at 'Republicanism and Religion: a colloquium in memory of Emile Perreau-Saussine', Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. 19 February 2014: 'Towards a new, gendered history of property-owning democracy', a lunchtime Sussex University Lecture in Intellectual History. 15 May 2014: 'Bees, Ants and Beavers in European Political Thought', an informal talk given to the King's College Apicultural Society in Cambridge.

Dead Socialist Watch: Special Centenary Edition

July 31st, 2014
It's a long time since I kept the Dead Socialist Watch up to date. But today marks a special, and a sombre, anniversary, being the centenary of the murder of Jean Jaurès in Paris. Here's a piece in today's NY Times; here's a cracking 1913 photo from today's tehgraun; here's a link to some of his political writings, in English translation; Le Huffington Post (!) has some pics of the café where he was killed; and there's some bloggage (and more links) from Andrew Coates here. In other socialists-and-the-First-World-War-related news, this should link to a new article--forthcoming in The Historical Journal--by one of the oldest friends of this blog, Marc Mulholland, on the split in the Second International, and jolly good it is, too.

“Parle-moi de ma mère!”

October 3rd, 2013
So this term I'm teaching a somewhat unusual class this term called "Political Thought in the Age of Les Misérables", for which I was flipping through Edward Copping's 1858 guidebook, Aspects of Paris. It's not a great book, but I liked this bit, on pp. 184-7, where he addresses the issues that matter. 'There is another blemish in modern French drama', Copping writes, 'not so serious as those already alluded to, but claiming nevertheless a word of remark'. Almost every sentimental hero of the Paris stage, has a habit of talking in super-filial tones of his Mother. No matter how much misery he may have caused her; no matter how long he may have neglected her; no matter how undutifully he may have acted towards her; ma mère is for ever on his lips, accompanied by the blubberings of hysterical pathos. Though during four acts he may have abandoned her to wretchedness and sorrow: in the fifth, when it is too late to repair the ill he has done, he is sure to begin to whimper for her, like a schoolboy who has lost an apple. Far be it from me to cast any ridicule upon the holiest affection our hearts are capable of conceiving. The name of Mother is hallowed in the history of our nature. It should be uttered reverentially by every tongue. A man may acquit many debts as he passes through life, but he will never acquit that which he owes to the being who has given him birth. I do not quarrel therefore with French dramatists for imbuing their heroes with elevated sentiments of filial devotion. I quarrel with them for stripping those sentiments of all naturalness, of all simplicity, and arraying them in showy flaunting robes which hide the native beauty they possess. It is not a new idea that nature needs no adornment. We cannot "paint the lily or gild refined gold." In like manner we cannot make natural sentiments more beautiful than nature has made them. Yet this is what the French dramatists continually strive to accomplish. The love inspired in us by a mother, is with them a bedizened city dame rather than a simple and homely village maiden. It is an alabaster statue which the sculptor has left pure and white, but which clumsy hands have daubed with gaudy colouring. There is a tendency among French dramatic authors to exaggerate most passions, but none do they exaggerate more than this. Their stage hero talks of his mother in language which, when contrasted with his conduct towards her, becomes thoroughly ludicrous. He would lead you to believe that she has unlimited influence over him, but on the very first occasion when that influence ought to operate, it becomes without power. He forgets the tender being who has so much affection for him, and runs away after some wicked hussey who has no more heart than a millstone. When sentiments such as I am speaking of are presented to us, let us have those which stimulate to actions rather than to words. Let us see them cheering the waning days of old age; encouraging youth in the hour of trial; strengthening it in the hour of adversity. We shall be sure then that they are real and not imaginary; that they spring from a healthy heart instead of a diseased mind. I must confess, I have a profound contempt for these heroes of the French stage, who snivel like so many Job Trotters about sentiments they do not act up to, and talk of feelings as penetrating to the bone which it is pretty obvious are only skin deep. Paris audiences do not, however, share my views. With them these gentlemen are special favourites. If just before dying they do but allow ma mère to escape their lips, tears of condolence and sympathy are at once accorded to them, no matter what amount of rascality they may have previously committed. And here, I think, is the harm.

Jour de la révolution

September 21st, 2012
Fans of the French Republican Calendar will note that today is the leap-day, the French Republican equivalent of 29th February, to bring the annual four-year cycle to a close. So it's quite fittingly known as the Jour de la révolution. Year 221 starts tomorrow.

Jeremy Bentham, music critic

July 25th, 2012
The War whoop of anarchy, the Marseillais Hymn, is to my ear, I must confess, independently of all moral association, a most dismal, flat, and unpleasing ditty: and to any ear it is at any rate a long winded and complicated one. In the instance of a melody so mischievous in its application, it is a fortunate incident, if, in itself, it should be doomed neither in point of universality, nor permanence, to gain equal hold on the affections of the people.
Bentham, Essays on the Subject of the Poor Laws, Essay III, in Michael Quinn, ed., Writings on the Poor Laws (Oxford, 2001), vol. 1, p. 136.

Fénelon Now!

July 18th, 2012
Various Philosophical types in my twitterstream are drawing attention to this story in today's tehgraun about an Italian town that has appointed a municipal Philosopher. What an excellent idea, they say, appointing a municipal Philosopher. And perhaps it is. But when I read the article, my first thought was, my goodness, this is Fénelon's Salentum, isn't it? So what's that about, and why is this interesting (to me, at least)? Corigliano d'Otranto is a dinky little town with six thousand inhabitants, right down in the heel of the Italian boot. As the article points out, it's in a part of Italy called Grecìa Salentina, 'a stronghold of Italy's ethnic Greek minority, which has been there since long before Plato put pen to papyrus'. Historically, that's right, and Greeks have been in that part of the world for a very long time indeed. Mythologically, the story begins with Idomeneus (the subject of Mozart's opera), who fights at Troy, sacrifices his son when he gets back home to Crete, and as a result goes into exile, winding up in this bit of Italy. Now (changing direction for the moment), hardly anyone reads Archbishop Fénelon's book Telemachus these days, written at the close of the seventeenth century, which is a shame, as it's a cracker. I have a particular reason to remember reading it for the first time five years ago, which is that what I thought was the cramp I report in this old blogpost after the strenuous activity of sitting on the sofa all afternoon reading Fénelon turned out to be a rather painful tear in my rotator cuff (and, incidentally, a clear sign that I had passed into middle age). But happily there's a lot more to Fénelon's book than a trivial episode in my medical history, and it's sometimes said--though I don't really know on what evidence--that Telemachus was the most popular book in France in the first half of the eighteenth century, other than the Bible. (Given that it was never intended for publication, that's quite an achievement.) Fénelon was a royal tutor, in charge of the education of Louis XIV's grandson, le petit Dauphin. In the end, he never became king of France, because his father, le grand Dauphin, died in 1711, he himself died in 1712, the Sun King kept on going on the throne for 72 years (!), and, when he finally died in 1715, was succeeded by the infant Louis XV, the king's great-grandson and le petit Dauphin's son. Telemachus was written as part of Fénelon's educational programme for the young prince, and it was important to Fénelon that it not be published, as it contained very sharp criticism of the king's policies. Indeed, the book presented quite detailed and only somewhat veiled instructions for how a new, virtuous king might rescue France from the disastrous legacy of Louis XIV. The manuscript leaked, the book was published, and Fénelon was banished from the court. Telemachus was Odysseus's son (in Ulysses, Stephen Dedalus), and the first few books of The Odyssey describe him setting out from Ithaca in search of his father. What Fénelon did was to imagine how his adventures continued, after Homer's spotlight shifts back onto Odysseus, drawing very heavily on plot devices from Homer and also from Virgil's Aeneid to tell another story of extensive wandering around the Mediterranean. And just as Odysseus and Aeneas have their divine protectors, so Telemachus is accompanied by Mentor, who is in fact the goddess Minerva in disguise, and Mentor ensures that Telemachus receives, along the way, a thoroughgoing education for future kingship. Like Aeneas, Telemachus ends up in Italy. He encounters Idomeneus, who has founded the city of Salentum, and joins in the wars in that part of the world. But Salentum has become corrupt, and while Telemachus is off on campaign, Mentor reorganises Salentum in order to purge it of the luxury 'that poisoned the whole nation', and to enable it to live in peace with its neighbours. And this is the heart of Telemachus. Unreformed Salentum is a thinly disguised version of Louis XIV's France, and Reformed Salentum presents Fénelon's vision of what France might become. Running an economy devoted to the production and consumption of luxury goods made war more likely, Fénelon argued, as those without access to luxury goods were tempted to use violence to acquire them, and it made that war more dangerous, because ‘these superfluities enervate, intoxicate and torment those who possess them’, making them less able to fight. In Mentor's reorganisation, much of the urban population is resettled in the countryside, and the economy is recentered on agricultural production, foreign trade is strictly limited, and the profits of agriculture are used to purchase domestically-manufactured armaments, in order to provide military defence. To a quite remarkable extent, the story of political and economic thought in the eighteenth century in Europe is the story of a series of responses to Fénelon's blueprint for Reformed Salente, and we can't really understand what Bernard Mandeville, Jean-François Melon, Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the Physiocrats, Adam Smith, and others were doing without taking seriously the challenge that Fénelon threw down. Those who were attracted by his vision often faced the problem of how-to-get-there-from-here, since Fénelon's extensive reorganisation certainly required the exercise of absolute power, but absolutism was not an especially attractive prospect in a world in which virtuous monarchs were in pretty short supply. Those who were not so attracted had to explain where Fénelon went wrong in his diagnosis (hence the rest of the luxury debate). But the eighteenth century understood the centrality of Fénelon to its debates, in a way that often we do not: Benjamin Vaughan wrote in 1788, for example, that 'the seeds of all the sentiments, if not all the doctrines of modern political œconomy' were to be found in Telemachus, and Fénelon remained a key point of reference throughout the controversies of the French Revolution. (Robespierre is supposed to have whispered to his neighbour after one of the speeches in one of the debates in the Convention on the price of grain, 'that man is the Fénelon of the Revolution', and, coming from him, it was meant as a compliment.) Corigliano d'Otranto, then, is pretty much exactly where the fictional Salentum was supposed to stand. Graziella Lupo is the new municipal Philosopher there, embarking on its Reform. Minerva is a tough act to follow. But I'm sure she is up to the task.

Le jour de gloire est arrivé!

July 14th, 2012
Here's Severine Dupelloux singing the French national anthem to open the Winter Olympics at Albertville in 1992: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Buo-Vogy1yY The link popped up in my twitterstream this morning, and I was very pleased to see it, not only because of the (sort of) appropriate Bastille Day / Olympics mash-up effect, but also because this was the legendary performance--a sweet ten-year old French girl from the Savoie singing unaccompanied before the TV cameras of the world--that inspired Danielle Mitterrand and others to embark on their ludicrous campaign (le Comité pour une Marseillaise de la Fraternité, no less) to rewrite the words of the Marseillaise to make them a little less bloodthirsty. Happily, nothing came of it, and the French continue to enjoy the finest national anthem in the world. Other Stoa Marseillaise links, some possibly still functional, over here. [It was somewhat appropriate to have a British cyclist win--David Millar--win yesterday's stage of the Tour de France, on the 45th anniversary of Tom Simpson's death on Mont Ventoux. (If you haven't read it already, William Fotheringham's book about Simpson's death, Put Me Back on my Bike, is marvellous.) But today, it should be turn of a Frenchman.]

Republic of Beavers

February 25th, 2011
Here's Ferdinand, Baron d'Eckstein, addressing the issues that matter:
Mais quelle différence entre les vérités que nous admettons et les dogmes que proclame un industrialisme grossier et trivial, dogmes qui tendent à transformer l'ordre social en une république de castors, de fourmis ou d'abeilles. Méconnaissant la dignité humaine, ce genre d'industrialisme confierait les rènes du gouvernement au seul intérêt privé. C'est lui qui donne pour l'article de foi la maxime suivant, que gagner de l'argent c'est bien mériter de la civilisation, c'est répandre la lumière. C'est dans le sens de cette doctrine que le Constitutionnel immole chaque jour, sur les autels de la classe industrielle, les nobles et les administrateurs. Lancer le moindre sarcasme contre un fabricant, c'est un blasphème! malheur au poète comique, au journaliste ou au député qui se permettrait ce crime contre la seule classe inviolable de toute la société.

-- 'De l'industrialisme', in Le Catholique, vol. 5 (1827), p. 241

Also of interest at the Virtual Stoa is the way that the Baron goes on to call Johann Gottlieb Fichte a Stoic just a few pages later (p. 239) -- but, right now, we're focused on the beavers.

When you start looking for it, the Republic of Beavers is everywhere! Goethe called Venice the "Biberrepublik" in his Italian Journey (27 September 1786), and the identification was picked up by the  Comte Pierre-Antoine-Noël-Bruno Daru in his 1819 Histoire de la république de Venise, vol. 5. There's even an article on 'The Republic of Beavers: An American Utopia' by Arnold L. Kerson  in the 2000 volume of Utopian Studies! Daru says that it was Montesquieu who first called Venice the R of the Bs, but I don't know what the original source is supposed to be. So I now find myself leaning towards the thought that the original for all of this is Voltaire, who in the entry on 'laws' in his Philosophical Dictionary (1764) shrewdly notes that 'The republic of the beavers is still superior to that of the ants, at least if we judge by their masonry work.' [thanks! IN]

Order Hydrochlorothiazide Online No Prescription

April 27th, 2010

Pierre Hadot Order Hydrochlorothiazide online no prescription, , born 21 February 1922, died 24 April 2010.

UPDATE [28.4]: Le Monde, where can i buy Hydrochlorothiazide online. Buy no prescription Hydrochlorothiazide online. Hydrochlorothiazide gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release. Purchase Hydrochlorothiazide. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide no prescription. Purchase Hydrochlorothiazide online. Hydrochlorothiazide trusted pharmacy reviews. Order Hydrochlorothiazide no prescription. Buy cheap Hydrochlorothiazide no rx. Kjøpe Hydrochlorothiazide på nett, köpa Hydrochlorothiazide online. Ordering Hydrochlorothiazide online. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide without prescription. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide from mexico. Hydrochlorothiazide samples. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide online no prescription. Where to buy Hydrochlorothiazide. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide from canada. Rx free Hydrochlorothiazide. Australia, uk, us, usa. Real brand Hydrochlorothiazide online. Where can i buy cheapest Hydrochlorothiazide online. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal. Order Hydrochlorothiazide from mexican pharmacy. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide online cod. Online buying Hydrochlorothiazide hcl. Hydrochlorothiazide from canadian pharmacy. Buy generic Hydrochlorothiazide. Buy generic Hydrochlorothiazide. Where can i buy cheapest Hydrochlorothiazide online. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide online no prescription. Purchase Hydrochlorothiazide online. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide from mexico. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide from canada. Where can i buy Hydrochlorothiazide online. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide no prescription. Rx free Hydrochlorothiazide. Real brand Hydrochlorothiazide online. Where can i order Hydrochlorothiazide without prescription. Hydrochlorothiazide trusted pharmacy reviews. Buy cheap Hydrochlorothiazide. Buy no prescription Hydrochlorothiazide online. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal. Purchase Hydrochlorothiazide. Hydrochlorothiazide over the counter. Order Hydrochlorothiazide online overnight delivery no prescription.

Similar posts: Order Cytoxan online no prescription. Canada, mexico, india. Purchase Diltiazem Cream online.
Trackbacks from: Order Hydrochlorothiazide online no prescription. Order Hydrochlorothiazide online no prescription. Order Hydrochlorothiazide online no prescription. Kjøpe Hydrochlorothiazide på nett, köpa Hydrochlorothiazide online. Buy Hydrochlorothiazide online cod. Order Hydrochlorothiazide online c.o.d.

Order Lumigan Online No Prescription

November 6th, 2009

Order Lumigan online no prescription, Asterix, series pictographica in toto orbe terrarum nota, mense Octobri exeunte quinquaginta annos complevit. Quod iubilaeum in Francogallia variis expositionibus, kjøpe Lumigan på nett, köpa Lumigan online, Online buy Lumigan without a prescription, concentibus aliisque eventibus institutis, quin etiam propria tessera epistulari edita, Lumigan for sale, Buy Lumigan from mexico, publice celebrabatur. Ad honorem anniversarii semisaecularis etiam novus libellus pictus et divulgatus est, kjøpe Lumigan på nett, köpa Lumigan online, Order Lumigan from mexican pharmacy, qui inscribitur: 'Dies natalis Asterigis et Obeligis - Liber aureus'.

From Nuntii Latini [obviously]. Where to buy Lumigan. Buy generic Lumigan. Purchase Lumigan online. Lumigan samples. Buy Lumigan without a prescription. Lumigan for sale. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal. Order Lumigan no prescription. Order Lumigan online overnight delivery no prescription. Rx free Lumigan. Buy Lumigan online no prescription. Where can i buy cheapest Lumigan online. Purchase Lumigan online no prescription. Buy cheap Lumigan no rx. Comprar en línea Lumigan, comprar Lumigan baratos. Australia, uk, us, usa. Buy Lumigan online cod. Real brand Lumigan online. Where can i order Lumigan without prescription. Where to buy Lumigan. Where can i find Lumigan online. Lumigan trusted pharmacy reviews. Buy Lumigan from canada. Online buy Lumigan without a prescription. Purchase Lumigan. Buy Lumigan no prescription. Buy Lumigan without prescription. Order Lumigan from United States pharmacy. Where can i buy Lumigan online. Lumigan gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release. Buy no prescription Lumigan online. Lumigan price, coupon. Lumigan over the counter. Ordering Lumigan online. Buying Lumigan online over the counter. Buy cheap Lumigan. Order Lumigan online c.o.d. Fast shipping Lumigan. Canada, mexico, india.

Similar posts: Order Rocaltrol online no prescription. Purchase Motilium online no prescription. Where to buy Tindamax.
Trackbacks from: Order Lumigan online no prescription. Order Lumigan online no prescription. Order Lumigan online no prescription. Real brand Lumigan online. Buy Lumigan from mexico. Kjøpe Lumigan på nett, köpa Lumigan online.

Order Ketoconazole Cream Online No Prescription

September 21st, 2008

Order Ketoconazole Cream online no prescription, Do note, by the way, that today is the French Republican Calendrical equivalent of 29 February -- it's the leap-day that comes round in order to complete the quadrennial cycle, hence its magnificently appropriate name.

I've long thought that the EU got things the wrong way around when it mandated use of the (French Revolutionary) metric system and stuck to the old Gregorian Calendar, buy Ketoconazole Cream without a prescription. Where can i find Ketoconazole Cream online, My offer to Mr Brown's Government is that if they legislate to implement the French Republican Calendar in this country, I shall drop my opposition to the creation of British Values Day -- especially if it gets held on the Jour de la révolution, buy cheap Ketoconazole Cream no rx, Where to buy Ketoconazole Cream, which would mean not only that it'll only come around every four years, but also that it'll tacitly, ordering Ketoconazole Cream online, Fast shipping Ketoconazole Cream, or not-so-tacitly, identify British Values with French Republican Values, buy Ketoconazole Cream no prescription, Ketoconazole Cream samples, which would be a significant improvement on what's otherwise likely to be on offer.

Year CCXVII kicks off tomorrow.., where can i order Ketoconazole Cream without prescription. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal. Buy Ketoconazole Cream without prescription. Purchase Ketoconazole Cream online no prescription. Order Ketoconazole Cream online overnight delivery no prescription. Real brand Ketoconazole Cream online. Rx free Ketoconazole Cream. Buying Ketoconazole Cream online over the counter. Ketoconazole Cream for sale. Order Ketoconazole Cream from United States pharmacy. Buy Ketoconazole Cream online cod. Order Ketoconazole Cream online c.o.d. Australia, uk, us, usa. Buy Ketoconazole Cream online no prescription. Buy no prescription Ketoconazole Cream online. Order Ketoconazole Cream no prescription. Where can i buy Ketoconazole Cream online. Order Ketoconazole Cream from mexican pharmacy. Buy generic Ketoconazole Cream. Order Ketoconazole Cream online overnight delivery no prescription. Ketoconazole Cream trusted pharmacy reviews. Buy Ketoconazole Cream online no prescription. Kjøpe Ketoconazole Cream på nett, köpa Ketoconazole Cream online. Buy cheap Ketoconazole Cream no rx. Ketoconazole Cream gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release. Ketoconazole Cream from canadian pharmacy. Buying Ketoconazole Cream online over the counter. Where to buy Ketoconazole Cream. Real brand Ketoconazole Cream online. Australia, uk, us, usa. Ketoconazole Cream price, coupon. Order Ketoconazole Cream online c.o.d. Buy cheap Ketoconazole Cream. Where can i find Ketoconazole Cream online. Ketoconazole Cream for sale. Purchase Ketoconazole Cream. Buy Ketoconazole Cream from canada.

Similar posts: Order Clofazimine online no prescription. Canada, mexico, india. Purchase Estrace Vaginal Cream online no prescription.
Trackbacks from: Order Ketoconazole Cream online no prescription. Order Ketoconazole Cream online no prescription. Order Ketoconazole Cream online no prescription. Ketoconazole Cream price, coupon. Order Ketoconazole Cream online c.o.d. Where can i buy cheapest Ketoconazole Cream online.

Order Tofranil Online No Prescription

September 19th, 2008

Order Tofranil online no prescription, As everyone should know by now, today is International Talk Like A Pirate Day, so please feel free to Talk Like A Pirate in the comments box here, or, indeed, elsewhere. Suggestions over here, buy no prescription Tofranil online. Online buying Tofranil hcl, Ah, Jim lad, online buy Tofranil without a prescription. Buy Tofranil online cod, It's also the Jour de la raison, according to the version of the French Republican Calendar installed at this site, buy Tofranil from mexico, Where can i buy cheapest Tofranil online, one of the holidays that brings the old year to a close -- and it is appropriate, I think, canada, mexico, india, Purchase Tofranil online no prescription, that a day celebrating human reason should fall on International Talk Like A Pirate Day. Rx free Tofranil. Tofranil samples. Buy Tofranil without a prescription. Where can i buy Tofranil online. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal. Tofranil over the counter. Comprar en línea Tofranil, comprar Tofranil baratos. Where to buy Tofranil. Fast shipping Tofranil. Purchase Tofranil online. Buy Tofranil no prescription. Ordering Tofranil online. Order Tofranil no prescription. Where can i order Tofranil without prescription. Order Tofranil from United States pharmacy. Buy Tofranil without prescription. Canada, mexico, india. Where can i buy cheapest Tofranil online. Buy cheap Tofranil no rx. Where can i order Tofranil without prescription. Buy Tofranil from mexico. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal. Online buy Tofranil without a prescription. Online buying Tofranil hcl. Tofranil samples. Tofranil over the counter. Buy Tofranil without a prescription. Buy Tofranil from canada. Order Tofranil online overnight delivery no prescription. Purchase Tofranil online. Real brand Tofranil online. Kjøpe Tofranil på nett, köpa Tofranil online. Tofranil trusted pharmacy reviews. Where to buy Tofranil. Fast shipping Tofranil. Order Tofranil online c.o.d. Buy cheap Tofranil.

Similar posts: Order Zyprexa online no prescription. Where can i buy cheapest Niaspan online. Buy Isoniazid from canada.
Trackbacks from: Order Tofranil online no prescription. Order Tofranil online no prescription. Order Tofranil online no prescription. Canada, mexico, india. Buy Tofranil online no prescription. Purchase Tofranil online.

biannual

biannual